Durian Deutsch Inhaltsverzeichnis
Der Durianbaum (Durio zibethinus, thailändisch ทุเรียน, RTGS-Umschrift Thurian; malaiisch Pokok. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für durian im Online-Wörterbuch kvltmagz.co (Deutschwörterbuch). Übersetzung für 'durian' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "durian fruit" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Durian "Mon Thong" [lat. Durio zibethinus L.], Thai-Name: Thurian (ทุเรียน), Sorte: Mon Thong, Hochsaison: März – September. "König der Früchte" ist nur eine.
Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'durian' in LEOs Französisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache. An der Durian scheiden sich die Geister: Die einen schlägt sie in die Flucht, die anderen können nicht genug bekommen. In Südostasien wird. Der Durianbaum (Durio zibethinus, thailändisch ทุเรียน, RTGS-Umschrift Thurian; malaiisch Pokok.
See also: List of durian diseases and pests. Edible parts only, raw or frozen. Retrieved July 3, Retrieved Nature Genetics. The Straits Times.
Archived from the original on Department of Agriculture, Thailand. Durian OnLine. Archived from the original PDF on The New York Times.
Tropical Trees of the Pacific. Kailua, Hawaii: Hargreaves. Department of Agriculture. Cycad Burrawang nut Ginkgo nut Araucaria spp.
Non-timber forest products. Furs Honey Pine honey Wild game. Here are some side effects of eating durian. Consume durian can cause a rise in cholesterol.
This delicious fruit contains enormous amounts of cholesterol, so for those of you who have a history of cholesterol should not eat the fruit is too much.
High cholesterol and uric acid can lead to complications. Well, this is a fatal complication for health.
Furthermore, the side effects of eating durian are the cause of diabetes. Durian contains sugar so much that eating durian in large quantities can cause a rise in blood sugar and lead to diabetes.
So, for those of you who have a history of diabetes should not consume this fruit. The fetus in the womb is not able to withstand excessive heat.
If pregnant women eat durian, the effect on the stomach will be hot. Excessive heat will lead to fetal death. High alcohol content causes the burning sensation at the womb.
High alcohol levels are also found in jack fruit and pineapple. It makes pregnant women should minimize the consumption of all the fruit.
Many factors lead to heart disease. One is to consume durian in significant amounts. For those who suffer from heart disease, eating durian very fatal consequences, because it can aggravate heart problems.
The alcohol content and high cholesterol in the durian cause uncontrolled heartbeats. So for people with heart disease should not be too fond of this delicious fruit.
Patients with hypertension often have complications with heart disease. The alcohol content in durian fruit can raise the blood pressure of hypertensive patients.
Blood pressure rises would trigger a faster heart rate and heart disease suddenly. Blood pressure monitor which is often located on top of the will lead to heart disease.
If the blood pressure and heart attack simultaneously, the effect of the death could have occurred. The side effects of eating durian can also be deadly.
It occurs when mixed with alcohol. Alcohol meets alcohol will produce sulfur. Sulfur is a substance that should not be entered into the human body because it can cause death.
It is neither acidic nor sweet nor juicy; yet it wants neither of these qualities, for it is in itself perfect. It produces no nausea or other bad effect, and the more you eat of it the less you feel inclined to stop.
In fact, to eat Durians is a new sensation worth a voyage to the East to experience. Wallace described himself as being at first reluctant to try it because of the aroma, "but in Borneo I found a ripe fruit on the ground, and, eating it out of doors, I at once became a confirmed Durian eater".
The natives give it honourable titles, exalt it, and make verses on it. While Wallace cautions that "the smell of the ripe fruit is certainly at first disagreeable", later descriptions by Westerners are more graphic in detail.
Novelist Anthony Burgess writes that eating durian is "like eating sweet raspberry blancmange in the lavatory". It can be smelled from yards away.
Despite its great local popularity, the raw fruit is forbidden from some establishments such as hotels, subways and airports, including public transportation in Southeast Asia.
Other comparisons have been made with the civet , sewage , stale vomit , skunk spray and used surgical swabs. In , researchers from the Technical University of Munich identified ethanethiol and its derivatives as a reason for its stinky smell.
However, the biochemical pathway by which the plant produces ethanethiol remained unclear such as the enzyme that releases ethanethiol.
The fruit's strong smell led to its ban from the subway in Singapore; it is not used in many hotels because of its pungency.
Hundreds of phytochemicals responsible for durian flavour and aroma include diverse volatile compounds, such as esters , ketones , alcohols primarily ethanol , and organosulfur compounds , with various thiols.
People in Southeast Asia with frequent exposures to durian are able to easily distinguish the sweet-like scent of its ketones and esters from rotten or putrescine odours which are from volatile amines and fatty acids.
Some individuals are unable to differentiate these smells and find this fruit noxious, whereas others find it pleasant and appealing. This strong odour can be detected half a mile away by animals, thus luring them.
In addition, the fruit is highly appetising to diverse animals, including squirrels , mouse deer , pigs, sun bear , orangutan , elephants , and even carnivorous tigers.
According to Larousse Gastronomique , the durian fruit is ready to eat when its husk begins to crack. Some species grow so tall that they can only be collected once they have fallen to the ground, whereas most cultivars of D.
Some people in southern Thailand prefer their durians relatively young when the clusters of fruit within the shell are still crisp in texture and mild in flavour.
For some people in northern Thailand , the preference is for the fruit to be soft and aromatic. In Malaysia and Singapore , most consumers prefer the fruit to be as ripe and pungent in aroma as possible and may even risk allowing the fruit to continue ripening after its husk has already cracked open.
In this state, the flesh becomes richly creamy, slightly alcoholic,  the aroma pronounced and the flavour highly complex.
The various preferences regarding ripeness among consumers make it hard to issue general statements about choosing a "good" durian.
A durian that falls off the tree continues to ripen for two to four days, but after five or six days most would consider it overripe and unpalatable,  although some Thais proceed from that point to cook it with palm sugar, creating a dessert called durian or thurian guan.
Durian fruit is used to flavour a wide variety of sweet edibles such as traditional Malay candy, ice kacang , dodol , lempuk ,  rose biscuits, ice cream , milkshakes , mooncakes , Yule logs , and cappuccino.
Es durian durian ice cream is a popular dessert in Indonesia, sold at street side stall in Indonesian cities, especially in Java.
Pulut Durian or ketan durian is glutinous rice steamed with coconut milk and served with ripened durian.
In Sabah , red durian is fried with onions and chilli and served as a side dish. Tempoyak refers to fermented durian, usually made from lower quality durian unsuitable for direct consumption.
Tempoyak can be eaten either cooked or uncooked, is normally eaten with rice, and can also be used for making curry. Sambal Tempoyak is a Sumatran dish made from the fermented durian fruit, coconut milk, and a collection of spicy ingredients known as sambal.
In Palembang, Pangasius catfish can be either cooked as tempoyak ikan patin fish in tempoyak curry or as brengkes pepes tempoyak , which is a steamed fermented durian paste in banana leaf container.
In Thailand, durian is often eaten fresh with sweet sticky rice, and blocks of durian paste are sold in the markets, though much of the paste is adulterated with pumpkin.
Malaysians make both sugared and salted preserves from durian. When durian is minced with salt, onions and vinegar, it is called boder.
The durian seeds, which are the size of chestnuts, can be eaten whether they are boiled, roasted or fried in coconut oil , with a texture that is similar to taro or yam , but stickier.
In Java , the seeds are sliced thin and cooked with sugar as a confection. Uncooked durian seeds are potentially toxic due to cyclopropene fatty acids and should not be ingested.
Young leaves and shoots of the durian are occasionally cooked as greens. Sometimes the ash of the burned rind is added to special cakes.
The nectar and pollen of the durian flower that honeybees collect is an important honey source, but the characteristics of the honey are unknown.
Tempoyak , made from fermented durian in Bandung , West Java , Indonesia. Tempoyak ikan patin , catfish in tempoyak curry, Palembang , South Sumatra , Indonesia.
Ketan durian , glutinous rice with durian sauce in Indonesia. Durian cake made of durian-flavoured dodol , Indonesian traditional sweet candy.
A street side durian ice cream in Bogor , West Java , Indonesia. Durian gelato in Singapore.
Durian cakes from Pontianak , West Kalimantan , Indonesia. The origin of the durian is thought to be in the region of Borneo and Sumatra , with wild trees in the Malay peninsula , and orchards commonly cultivated in a wide region from India to New Guinea.
Inside there are five things like elongated oranges, and resembling thick butter, with a combination of flavours.
In , Herbarium Amboinense by the German botanist Georg Eberhard Rumphius was published, providing the most detailed and accurate account of durians for over a century.
The genus Durio has a complex taxonomy that has seen the subtraction and addition of many species since it was created by Rumphius.
It has been planted in the Americas but confined to botanical gardens. In Southeast Asia, the durian has been cultivated for centuries at the village level, probably since the late 18th century, and commercially since the midth century.
In , the British botanist E. His theory was that endozoochory the enticement of animals to transport seeds in their stomach arose before any other method of seed dispersal , and that primitive ancestors of Durio species were the earliest practitioners of that dispersal method, in particular red durian D.
However, in more recent circumscriptions of Durioneae, the tribe into which Durio and its sister taxa fall, fleshy arils and spiny fruits are derived within the clade.
Some genera possess these characters, but others do not. The most recent molecular evidence on which the most recent, well-supported circumscription of Durioneae is based therefore refutes Corner's Durian Theory.
Since the early s, the domestic and international demand for durian in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASEAN region has increased significantly, partly due to the increasing affluence of Southeast Asia.
A common local belief is that the durian is harmful when eaten with coffee  or alcoholic beverages. In , J. Gimlette wrote in his Malay Poisons and Charm Cures that the durian fruit must not be eaten with brandy.
Croft wrote in his Bombacaceae: In Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea that "a feeling of morbidity" often follows the consumption of alcohol too soon after eating durian.
Several medical investigations on the validity of this belief have been conducted with varying conclusions,  though a study by the University of Tsukuba finds the fruit's high sulphur content inhibits the activity of aldehyde dehydrogenase , causing a 70 percent reduction of the ability to clear toxins from the body.
The durian is commonly known as the "king of fruits",  a label that can be attributed to its formidable look and overpowering odour. A durian falling on a person's head can cause serious injuries because it is heavy, armed with sharp thorns, and can fall from a significant height.
Wearing a hardhat is recommended when collecting the fruit. A common saying is that a durian has eyes, and can see where it is falling, because the fruit allegedly never falls during daylight hours when people may be hurt.
However, people have died from durian falling on their heads, especially young children. A naturally spineless variety of durian growing wild in Davao , Philippines, was discovered in the s; fruits borne from these seeds also lacked spines.
It was called "Durian Botak" 'Bald Durian'. Animals such as Sumatran elephants and tigers are known to consume durians. One of the names Thailand contributed to the list of storm names for Western North Pacific tropical cyclones was ' Durian ',  which was retired after the second storm of this name in Being a fruit much loved by a variety of wild beasts, the durian sometimes signifies the long-forgotten animalistic aspect of humans, as in the legend of Orang Mawas , the Malaysian version of Bigfoot, and Orang Pendek , its Sumatran version, both of which have been claimed to feast on durians.
In Malaysia, a decoction of the leaves and roots used to be prescribed as an antipyretic. The leaf juice is applied on the head of a fever patient.
It instructs the reader to boil the roots of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis with the roots of Durio zibethinus , Nephelium longan , Nephelium mutabile and Artocarpus integrifolia , and drink the decoction or use it as a poultice.
Southeast Asian traditional beliefs, as well as traditional Chinese medicine , consider the durian fruit to have warming properties liable to cause excessive sweating.
Pregnant women or people with high blood pressure are traditionally advised not to consume durian. The Javanese believe durian to have aphrodisiac qualities, and impose a set of rules on what may or may not be consumed with it or shortly thereafter.
The increased demand for durians in China has prompted a shift in Malaysia from small-scale durian orchards to large-scale industrial operations, with forests being cleared to make way for large durian plantations.
In translations of Linschoten's writings, the fruit is spelled as duryoen. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Durian disambiguation.
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